This chapter is a detailed part of Chapter 9. Please read 9 | Middle Kamakura Period (Bizen Den) 鎌倉中期備前伝 before reading this chapter.
The circle indicates the time we discuss in this section
The Middle Kamakura period was the height for the Bizen Den. In a different region other than Bizen, swords style was often affected by people’s preferences and politics in each region. But Bizen was not affected as much by those elements throughout the time. The clients of Bizen swords were from all over the area. Therefore, the swords created by Bizen tends to be the kind liked by everybody.
The general style of Bizen Den
- In general, their style tends to be likable by everybody.
- Shape, the width of the blade, the thickness of the body, and tempered line are usual style or usual design, seldom out of ordinary.
- Nioi base
- Soft feeling Jigane (steel)
- Utsuri (cloud-like shadow) apperars.
- The tempered line tends to have the same width, not too wide not too narrow.
Fukuoka Ichimonji group
Names of swordsmiths among Fukuoka Ichimonji group——————-Fukuoka Ichimonji Norimune (福岡一文字則宗), Fukuoka Ichimonji Sukemune ( 福岡一文字助宗 ). Those two are the main smiths among the Fukuoka Ichomnji group (福岡一文字 ).
Among the Fukuoka Ichimonji group, six swordsmiths received the honor as the “Gobankaji” from Emperor Gotoba (後鳥羽上皇 ), Including Norimune and Sukemune. I saw Fukuoka Ichimonji Muneyoshi (福岡一文字宗吉) at Mori Sensei’s class on June 25 1972 or 1973. My note said I saw a lot of utsuri (shadow) on the blade.
Sugata (shape or figure) ————– Graceful and classy shape. Generally, well proportioned. The difference between the top width and bottom width is not much. Sometimes stout looking Kissaki like Ikubi Kissak (refer Chapter 11) appears.
Hi and Engraving ———-The tip of Hi may follow the Ko-shinogi line. See below. The end of Hi goes under machi area with a square, or kakinagashi (refer to 42| Part 2 of —– 8| Middle Kamakura Period Yamashiro Den (鎌倉中期山城伝)
Hamon ———- Wide Ichimonnji-Choji tempered line. From the bottom to the top, same width temper line. The same Hamon front and back . O-Choji –midare (large clove shape), Jyuka-Choji (overwrapped look choji). Nie base. Inazuma, Kinsuji appears.
Boshi ———- Hamon continues into Boshi area and end with Yakizume or turn slightly. Sometimes O-maru.
Jihada ———- Fine and soft look. Woodgrain. Lots of utsuri (cloud-like shadow or reflection)
Ichimonji Sano Museum Catalogue (佐野美術館) Permission granted ＊Above sword is O-suriage. The end of hi is lower than mekugi-ana inside nakago.