In the chapter 2 Timeline, I mentioned Gendai-to ( 現代刀 ) is the swords made after the Meiji Revolution (明治維新1868 ) until now. It has been about 150 years. Even though I simply categorized all swords made during this time into one group as Gendai-to, there is quite a difference in quality and variety. The big difference is Gunto (軍刀). Those are military swords that were made to take to the World War I and World War II. Some of them have a saber like a handle. Those were not made for artistic purpose nor to appreciate the beauty of the surface of the blade. Compare to the swords made today, Gunto is usually considered much less valuable. It often has a brown color scabbard. The color is similar to the Japanese military uniform. Those Gunto are usually not part of the study of the Japanese sword. Also, at the time of the Meiji Revolution (明治維新), Meiji-Ishin-to (明治維新等刀 ) or Kin-nou-to ( 勤王刀 ) were made. They are a long sword and some of them are almost 3 feet long and have no curvature. The representative ones are like the one owned by Saigo Takamori ( 西郷隆盛 ) and Sakamoto Ryoma (坂本龍馬).
*Refer to ” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gunt%C5%8D” for Japanese military sword.