Chapter 64 is a detailed chapter of 30｜Bakumatsu Period, Shin Shin-to. Please read chapter 30 before reading this chapter.
The circled area is the subject of this chapter.
Swords made between Tennmei era (天明 1781) and the end of Keio era (慶應) is called Shin-shin-to. See the timeline above. This was the time the society was moving toward the Meiji Restoration. It is Bakumatsu time. During the time, sword making became active again. Below is the well-known swordsmiths in main areas.
Musashi no Kuni (武蔵の国: Tokyo today)
Suishinshi Masahide (水心子正秀) ——- When Suishinshi Masahide forged Yamashiro Den style sword, the shape is like the one of the Ko-to time; Funbari, elegant shape, Chu-suguha (medium straight), Komaru boshi, fine wood grain. When he forged the Bizen style sword, Koshizori shape, just like Ko-to Bizen Osafune, Nioi with Ko-choji, it shows Katai-ha (Refer to 30| Bakumatsu Period Sword 新々刀 1781-1867 ). In my sword textbook, I had a note that I saw Suishinshi on 11/1970 and 10/1971.
Taikei Naotane (大慶直胤) ——Though Taikei Naotane was within the Suishinshi group, he was among the top swordsmith. He had an amazing ability to forge all kinds of different styles of sword wonderfully. When he made Bizen Den style, it looks like Nagamitsu of Ko-to time with Nioi. Also, did Sakasa-choji as Katayama Ichimonji had done. Katai-ha appears. My sword textbook had a note that I saw Naotane on 8/1971.
Taikei Naotane (大慶直胤) Photo is from “Token no Mikata (The way to look at swords)” written by Koichi Hiroi, Published 1971
Minamoto no Kiyomaro (源清麿) —– Kiyomaro desired to join the Meiji Restoration movement as a Samurai, but his guardian realized Kiyomaro’s ability as a great swordsmith, helped him to be a swordsmith. It is said that Kiyomaro had a drinking problem, he was not so eager to forge swords. At the age of 42 years old, he committed Seppuku. Kiyomaro was called Yotsuya Masamune because he lived in Yotsuya (part of Shinjuku. Tokyo, today) and was a very good sword smith, almost same level as Masamune. His sword has wide width, shallow Sori, stretched Kissaki, Fukura Kareru. Boshi has komaru–boshi. Ji-gane is fine wood grain.
Minamoto no Kiyomaro (源清麿) Photo is from “Token no Mikata ( The way to look at swords)”, written by Koichi Hiroi, published 1971
Settsu no Kuni 摂津の国 (Osaka today )
Gassan Sadakazu (月山貞一) —– Gassan was good at Soshu Den style and Bizen Den style, but he could make any kinds of style. He was as genius as Taikei Naotane. Because of his ability, when he made ko-to style sword, it is hard to distinguish his sword and real ko-to sword. One needs to be careful not to mistake a sword made by Gassan from a real Ko-to. He also had an amazing ability in carving. His Hirazukuri-kowakizashi forged in Soshu style looks just like Masamune or Yukimitsu. He forged Yamashiro style, Takenokozori, with hoso-suguha or Chu-suguha in Nie. He also forged Yamato Den, Masame -hada sword.
Gassan Sadakazu (月山貞一) Photo is from “Token no Mikata (How to look at swords)” written by Koichi Hiroi, Published in 1971