The circle indicates the time we discuss in this section
The characteristics of Yamashiro Den swords
Sugata(shape)—– In general, the blade is narrow, especially near the Yokote line. The bottom of the blade has fundari (A-line shape). Kasane is thick. The curvature type is usually Kyo-zori (the deepest curvature comes at about the middle). It has a small Kissaki with Fukura. Shinogi is thick with Gyo-no-mune or Shin-no-mune. Please see the three illustrations below for Sugata.
Horimono (Engraving)—– The tip of a Hi (樋, groove) follows the exact shape of the Ko-shinogi line. Sometimes you may see Bonj (Sanscrit) and Suken (see the illustration).
Nakago (hilt: 中心)—————Long and thin with curvature
Hamon (tempered line: 刃文) —————Mostly Suguha (straight line), Niju-Ba (double Hamon), or Suguha with an irregular wavy line. Sometimes a thin gold lightning-like line called Inazuma faintly appears. The tempered line is mostly Nie. The photo below shows Suguha,
佐野美術館図録１ 豊後国行平(Bungo-no-Kuni-Yukihira Sano Museum Catalog) permission granted
Boshi(鋩子)—– Komaru-boshi (small round) Omaru-boshi (large round)
Ji-hada (地肌)——-Well forged fine surface. Small burl pattern. Jinie (地沸) on the surface.
Names of the swordsmiths during the middle Kamakura period
- Ayano-Koji group ———————————– Ayano-Koji Sadatoshi (綾小路 定利 )
- Awataguchi group ————————————- Awataguchi kunituna (粟田口国綱)
- Rai group ————————-Rai kuniyuki (来国行) Rai Nijikunitoshi (来ニ字国俊)
Rai Kunitoshi (来国俊) Sano Museum Catalogue, Permission granted
Yamashiro Den style sword from other provinces
Sagami-no-kuni Yamanouchi Kunituna（相模国山内国綱） Higo-no-Enjyu（肥後の延寿） Bungo-no-kuni Yukihira（豊後国行平 See above Oshigata photo）