The circle indicates the subject we discuss in this chapter
The later part of the Edo period is called Bakumatsu. See the circled area of the timeline above. The swords made during this time is called Shin Shin-To. They are also called the Fukko-To style (means revival sword 復古). Fukko-To copied the shape of the sword, Hamon, Boshi, etc, of the Ko-to and Shin-to. The characteristics of Shin Shin-To (新新刀) and well-known swordsmiths are those below.
The characteristic of Shin Shin-To
- Katana, Wakizashi, Tanto, they all tend to be similar or copy of the previous shape
- Many swords often have Hi or detailed engraving.
- Unlike the previous time, one swordsmith makes several styles of swords, such as Soshu style, Bizen style, Shin-to style forging.
- Often shows Katai-ha (refer 24Sengoku period sword.docx).
- Weak (not tight) Nioi.
- Yakidashi (2,3 inches above Machi) is often Suguha (straight line), even though the rest is irregular Hamon. Boshi is often irregular Midare.
- Detailed engravings, but more realistic than the previous time.
Settsu (Osaka area)——–Gassan Sadayoshi (月山貞吉) Gassan Sadakazu (月山貞一) Gassan family are famous for detailed carvings.
Musashi no Kuni (Tokyo area)——Suishinshi Masahide ( 水心子正秀 ) Taikei Naotane (大慶直胤) Minamoto Kiyomaro (源 清麿 ) Taikei Yoshitane ( 大慶義種) is famous for his carvings.
Minamoto Kiyomaro (源清麿) Previously owned by my family
Tosa no Kuni (Shikoku area)————————————————–Sa Yukihide (左行秀) Satsuma no Kuni (Kagoshima area)————————————Oku Motohira (奥元平 )
Right before the Meiji Restoration, long swords (approximately 3 feet) with no curvature were made. Saigo Takamori (西郷隆盛), Sakamoto Ryoma (坂本龍馬) owned this type of swords. Both are famous historical characters during the Meiji Restoration, called Meiji Ishin. Both of them are a part of Kinno -To group which supports the Emperor and renews the political system.