This chapter is a continued part of chapter 28 Shin-to Main 7 Regions (part B). Please read chapter 28 before reading this chapter. Below are the regions 2,3,7, skipped 4,5,6.
The circle above indicates the time we discuss in this section
2. Settu (摂津) at Osaka (大阪 )
Settu Osaka has many well-known swordsmiths. They are Kawachi-no-Kami Kunisuke (河内守国助), Tsuda Echizen-no-Kami Sukehiro (津田越前守助広), Inoue Shinkai (井上真改), Ikkanshi Tadatsuna (一竿子忠綱), etc. The main characteristic of the Settsu Osaka sword is: The surface is beautiful and fine, almost no pattern, no design like a flat surface. The below two photos are Settsu’s sword.
Ikkanshi Tadatsuna from Sano Museum Catalogue. Permission granted to use.
Ikkanshi Tadatsuna (一竿子忠綱) is famous for his carvings. His father was also a well-known swordsmith, Omi-no-Kami Tadatsuna (近江守忠綱). Ikkanshi Tadatsu is the second generation of Omi-no-kami Tadatsuna. Therefore he is also known as Awataguchi Omi-no-Kami Fujiwara Tadatsuna (粟田口近江守藤原忠綱), as you see on the Nakago above photo. The characteristics of Ikkanshi Tadatsuna: Longer Kissaki and Sakiziri (curved at a higher part of the body). The wide tempered line with Nie. Osaka Yakidashi (transition between the sugu-ha above machi and midare is smooth ). Refer to 27 Shinto Sword – Main 7 Regions(part A) for Osaka Yakidashi. O-notare with Gunome. Komaru boshi with turn back. Very fine Ji-hada, almost no pattern on the surface.
Inoue Shinkai (井上真改) from Sano Museum Catalogue. Permission granted to use.
Inoue Shinkai was the second generation of Izumi-no-Kami Kunisada (和泉守国定), he was the student of Kunihiro. The characteristic of his sword: Osaka Yakidashi. The tempered line gets wider gradually toward the top. O-Notare and deep Nie. His Ji-hada is very fine, almost no design on the surface.
3. Musashi (武蔵：Edo)
We find many famous swordsmiths in Edo also. They are 1st, 2nd, 3rd generations of Yasutsugu(康継), Kotetsu(虎徹), Noda Hankei (野田繁慶), Hojoji Masahiro (法成寺正弘), and more.
Two photos below are swordsmiths from Musashi (武蔵：Tokyo).
Yasutsugu From Sano Museum Catalogue. Permission granted to use
Characteristics of Yasutusgu (康継): Shallow curvature. Chu-Gissaki (medium Kissaki). Hamon is wide Notare, Midare, O-gunome (sometimes double gunome). The trace of Soshu Den and Mino Den shows in his work. Woodgrain mixed with Masame on Shinogi-Ji.
Kotetsu (虎徹) from Sano Museum Catalogue, permission granted to use
Here is the famous Kotetsu. The formal name is Nagasone Okisato Nyudo Kotetsu (長曽祢興里入道虎徹). Kotetsu began to make swords after he passed 50 years old. Before that, he was an armor maker. The characteristics of Kotetsu: Shallow curvature and wide width. The wide tempered line with Nie. Around the Machi area, the hamon is small Irregular, then the upper part of the blade becomes wide Suguha like Notare. Fine Nie. Boshi has Komaru with a short turn back. Ji-hada is fine wood grain and burl. Sometimes, you see O-hada (black core iron show through) at the lower part above the Machi area. The illustration above shows the thick (or wide? Which should I use) tempered line between Ha and Ji consisted of Nie. This is Kotetsu’s characteristic. Once you see it, you will remember. The next region is 7; skip the regions 4,5,6.
7. Satsuma (Kyushu)
Miyahara Mondonosho Masakiyo (宮原主水正正清) from Sano Museum Catalogue, permission granted to use.
Miyahara Mondonosho Masakiyo was highly regarded by the Shimazu family of Satsuma Han (Satsuma domain). Later he was chosen to go to Edo to forge swords for Shogun Yoshimune. The characteristics of Mondonosho Masakiyo: Well balanced sword shape. Shallow curvature. Wide and narrow hamon with squarish hamon and pointed hamon mixed as in the photo above. He engraved the Aoi crest (the hollyhock crest of the Tokugawa family) on Nakago.