The circle indicate the subject of this chapter
There are seven prosperous areas where a large number of swordsmiths were living and actively making swords. Top three are Yamashiro (山城) at Kyoto, Settu ( 摂津 ) at Osaka, Musashi (武蔵 ) at Edo. Then follows Hizen (肥前 ) at Saga, Satsuma (薩摩 ) at Kagoshima, Echizen ( 越前 ) at Fukui, and Kaga ( 加賀 ) at Kanazawa. Each of these swordsmiths had its own local characteristics common among themselves. To know each of that characteristic of this area is the easiest way to understand Shinto. But keep in mind that each swordsmith had his own way of making the sword. The following descriptions are only general guidelines.
Below is the map of Japan. Since Hokkaido was a provincial area and swords were not made there during the Edo period, omitted from this map.
1. Yamashiro (山城 ) Kyoto
Yamashiro Shinto sword has a solid and strong look. Hamon at the bottom part of the blade, above Machi (区) area shows Suguha (straight Hamon), this is called Kyo-Yakidashi (京焼出), that means to start out with straight Hamon. Then abruptly changes to the design of O-Midare (大乱). O-Midare changes to gentle look below Yokote line about 1 or 2 inches, then continues into Boshi with a wavy Hamon. Boshi design is Komaru-Boshi. Ji-hada is somewhat rough (this depends on the swordsmith). Masame-hada (straight grain pattern) may show on Shinogi-Ji (the area between back and ridgeline). Among Yamashiro Shinto, there was a group called Mishina ( 三品) group. They were Mino (美濃) related, therefore, Boshi often is Jizo boshi (地蔵鋩子), this is called Mishina Boshi ( 三品鋩子). Therefore, they often made their Boshi, Jizo boshi (地蔵鋩子).
Well known swordsmiths in Yamashiro area are Umetada Myoju (梅忠明寿), Horikawa Kunihiro (堀川国広 ), Dewadaijyo Kunimichi ( 出羽大掾国路 )
Iganokami Kinnmichi (伊賀守金道) Previously Family owned
continue to part two next chapter.